sydneyyeung8.14CEO Sydney Yeung is the largest shareholder of GSS Energy with his 18.28% stake which is held in the name of Roots Capital Asia.
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The action is about to start: With 90-95% of the required equipment on site, GSS Energy is getting close to the start of drilling for oil in its concession in Central Java.

One can infer that, barring technical issues, it could recognise first oil revenue from the Trembul Operation Area in the 4Q of this year.

The concession has a track record of oil production, which was cut short during the World War II.

"No doubt about it, the oil is there. We just need to go in and drill. This is low-hanging fruit," said Mr Bambang Mulyadi, President Director of PT Sarana GSS Trembul, the JV which won the contract, in Nov 2016. (see: ). 

The initial estimated 2P (proven and probable) reserves stand at 24 million barrels of oil, at a depth of 800 metres. Lots of upside for the reserve estimate is expected to materialise as more wells are drilled and at greater depths.

In a neigbouring concession, ExxonMobil is delivering about 200,000 barrels a day in its current second year of production.

GSS Energy  14.6 cents
52-week range 4.8-19.8 c
Market cap S$72 m
PE (ttm) 13
Dividend yield -
1-year return 142%
Source: Bloomberg

GSS Energy plans, after the first well is drilled, to get its contractor to deploy its rig to a second site, so by the end of this year, two oil wells could be producing oil.

This would mark the start of a possibly lucrative business for GSS Energy: Cost of production is estimated at US$12-14 a barrel while the market price of oil stands at around US$50 a barrel.

Under an agreement with Indonesia's state-owned oil company Pertamina, revenue from the guaranteed oil sale to Pertamina will first be used to pay for the capex and the cost of production before profits are split between the JV partners.

These "recoverable expenses" are currently parked in GSS Energy's balance sheet (under "Other receivables and deposits") and does not affect its profit & loss statement.

briefing GSS8.17@ 2QFY17 briefing. Photo by Colin LumThe venture has a long time to run: In Nov 2016, Pertamina awarded a 15-year 
contract to the JV comprising PT Sarana Pembangunan Jawa Tengah and a subsidiary of GSS Energy, respectively.

The former  is a commercial vehicle wholly-owned by the provincial government of Central Java which holds stakes in various large-scale infrastructure projects in Indonesia. 

GSS Energy has an 89% economic interest in the JV.

Factory Batam7.16GSS Energy's precision engineering factory in Batam. Photo: CompanyFurther out, when its oil business has achieved a level of significance, GSS Energy plans to spin-off its precision engineering business for a separate listing. 

This business has done admirably in 1H2017, with revenue up 27.3% to S$44.7 million. 

Net profit after tax surged 57% y-o-y to S$3.90 million (1H2016: S$2.48 million), excluding one-offs arising from land compensation in China.

GSS Energy has minimal debt (about S$49,000) while cashflow has been positive.

It has:
ü Cash balance of S$8.2 million.  
ü S$3.9 million parked in held-to-maturity financial assets
ü S$258,000 as pledged deposits.

Assuming a stronger 2H17, this implies a PE of 7-8x for the precision engineering business and nothing (yet) for the oil business, based on GSS Energy's current market cap of $72 million. 

To value an oil & gas business, the industry practice is to refer to the 2P reserves which, in the case of GSS Energy, amount to 24 million barrels (base case).  

Take 10-15% of the market price of oil and then, conservatively, multiply it by 15 million barrels (the low case) and one gets about US$75 million as the market value of the reserves.

For more on the precision engineering business, see press release.

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+1 #1 Adv 2017-09-01 17:10
Sharing n3wbie's excellent post from

If you crunch the numbers specific to the PE business - they did a core NPAT of $8.02m (1H16: $2.48m and 2H16: $5.54m).

comparatively, PE business grew 57.2% yoy to $3.9m for 1H17 (despite incurring FX loss instead of FX gain as seen in 1H16). assuming zero growth for 2H17 (which would be an extreme case given the strong growth in 1H), they would probably do $9-10m.

With an assumption that they deliver $10m core NPAT for PE business in FY17, that would put the market cap at $100m, implying a 33.3% upside from present price of $0.152 to $0.20. the growth trajectory had been consistent and strong throughout the quarters since the management turned around the business. with a base assumption of just 10% growth for FY18 and discount to peers at 10x PE, fair value for PE business alone is easily $0.22-23/share.

that being said, you are not even ascribing premium value to the quality of earnings that the PE business is delivering. with the group' s total equity of just under $40m and assuming $10m NPAT for PE business, it translates to ROE of about 25% for FY17. ROE for FY16 was at approximately 21% ($8m NPAT over total equity of $37.8m).

if you dive into an analysis of the peers, do not think there are many, if any that I might have missed out, that might have comparable ROE and quality of earnings. last peer that I can possibly think of would be Innovalues with ROE in excess of 30%.

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