jameschong1.15James Chong (left) is self-employed and began his investing journey exploring various approaches, incurring huge losses on the way. He now sticks to a core investment philosophy and has since recouped the losses while earning a decent profit. He believes that a high price can turn stocks of good quality businesses into a speculative purchase and likewise, a low price can turn a speculative stock into an attractive investment.  The following content was recently published on his blog (The Secret Investors), and is republished with permission.

bulb1.14IN MY POST "My SG Portfolio 2014 and Some Recent Picks", I mentioned that one of my event-driven picks for 2015 is Avi-Tech Electronics. I think its price then was about S$0.074 and I’ve accumulated it since November at an average price including costs of S$0.0699.

There are some interesting comments in the post (read it here) and I thought that probably it’s good to write a short article on my analysis.

Avi-Tech Electronics is listed on the SGX and is a provider for burn-in, engineering and manufacturing services in the semi-conductor & electronics industry. In 2011, It ventured into the Imaging Equipment and Energy Efficient Products by starting two subsidiaries to ‘diversify and substantiate long-term growth’ for the company.

Guess what happened in the end: from 2011, the company began incurring losses largely due to these subsidiaries. Management has finally decided to discontinue these operations just a couple of months back.

The following data are based on my 30 Dec 2014 post:

Price = S$0.074

Shares outstanding = 342,422,096

Market Cap = S$25.34M

P/E = NA (losses)

EV/EBIT = NA (losses)

P/NTA = 0.63


The results in this class of stocks depend a lot on corporate events which in some sense serve as a catalyst to close up the price-value gap, hopefully in a fairly short period of time. My investment decision is premised on the following:

The management has destroyed huge value over the years through the 2 loss-making subsidiaries. Many shareholders could have lost confidence in management's ability and decided to sell / cut losses.

The poorer fundamentals and financial results combined with the recent inclusion into the SGX watch-list due to 3 consecutive years of pre-tax losses led to a stock price decline that is likely exaggerated.

This has led to a fair degree of undervaluation which also means a potential investment opportunity to the shrewd analyst.

Directors have been mopping up the shares recently with their own money and to that extent, agreeing with my view that the stock price might be undervalued.

The disposal of subsidiaries which were the main contributors of past years' losses may improve future earnings at least in the short term and this may prop up the market price.


Management indicated that it will “continue with its plans to seek new areas of growth whether through mergers and acquisitions, or any structured transaction or business, which will add value to shareholders.”

Has management really learnt their lesson from previous experiences? Are they capable enough to continue ‘adding value’ through acquisitions? I feel it’s foolish for them to do that considering their core business isn’t doing as well as before too (more details below).

Also, we can’t deny that they are in a difficult semi-conductor industry which presents a challenge to the management (that is perhaps why they insist on growing through acquisitions etc) and a risk that the investor needs to be wary of.


As I have said, the need for intensive analysis is not really required for the event-type part of my portfolio and I hope to realize some profits in a reasonably short period of time. However, as a safeguard, I had better ensure there’s some sort of margin of safety if I have to hold on to it for a longer than expected timeframe. Since this will be a minor position in my portfolio, a brief analysis should be sufficient.

Financial Position

The balance sheet is generally cash rich with net cash equivalents of about S$23.5M which compares favorably with the market cap at S$25.3M. Book value is about S$40M. If the company is liquidated now, I believe we can get back more than what we pay now. Of course, if management continues eroding value by doing unprofitable expansion, the intrinsic value on a liquidating basis may drop below our price paid.



I’ve cleaned up the effects of the loss-making subsidiaries in the above table and it is clear that these subsidiaries have indeed eroded earnings between 2011 and 2013, before management decide to discontinue operations in 2014. The core operations haven’t been doing well too considering that they also have registered some losses from 2012 to 2014. Core business revenue has declined drastically from S$70M to S$23M over 7 years.  However, keep in mind that the bulk of the negative earnings is attributed to the subsidiaries (contribution by subsidiaries was -S$12.8M compared to +S$1.7M for core business from 2011 to 2013).

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  • http://www.nextinsight.biz/images/stories/HongKongmisc/400adminblg.jpg FIBRECHEM'S James Zhang still with the company?


    0 #2 James Chong 2015-01-21 14:20
    Quoting Kerrick:
    There are so many such companies around. Why don't you pick for examples, eucon which is just 1+c?

    Did a quick look and personally feel Eucon is very different from Avi-Tech -

    1. It is clear that based on the balance sheets, Avi-Tech is in a better financial condition than Eucon. Eucon has a poorer working capital position and much of its PPE is tied up to plant & machinery which may or may not be worth as much as stated. This is compared to Avi-tech where the better portion is in building and leasehold improvements that have been throwing in rental income, potentially indicating some value there.

    2. One key investment thesis for Avi-tech is the discontinuation of its major loss-making subsidiaries. The disposal of the laser drilling segment for Eucon doesn't seem to help much overall as other segments have shown a relatively huge loss over the previous years. This is different from Avi-Tech in which the discontinued subsidiaries has contributed a majority of the losses in the previous years. The remaining segments at Avi-Tech did show small losses previously but has turned in positive results in the latest quarterly report.

    Of course, Eucon may turn out to be a better investment in the end but based on the above analysis, I believe Avi-tech is a much safer bet.

    My apologies for not replying soon enough as I don't really check comments here on a frequent basis. You may want to comment directly in my blog at http://secretinvestors.blogspot.sg/
    0 #1 Kerrick 2015-01-14 22:15
    There are so many such companies around. Why don't you pick for examples, eucon which is just 1+c?

    Share Prices

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    Moya Asia0.0690.001
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    REX International0.1750.004
    Sri Trang Agro2.0900.040
    Straco Corp.0.5500.025
    Sunpower Group0.760-0.015
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    Uni-Asia Group0.575-0.005
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