James Chong (left) is self-employed and began his investing journey exploring various approaches, incurring huge losses on the way. He now sticks to a core investment philosophy and has since recouped the losses while earning a decent profit. He believes that a high price can turn stocks of good quality businesses into a speculative purchase and likewise, a low price can turn a speculative stock into an attractive investment. The following content was recently published on his blog (The Secret Investors), and is republished with permission.
My SG Portfolio 2014 and Some Recent Picks", I mentioned that one of my event-driven picks for 2015 is Avi-Tech Electronics. I think its price then was about S$0.074 and I’ve accumulated it since November at an average price including costs of S$0.0699.
The following data are based on my 30 Dec 2014 post:
Price = S$0.074
Shares outstanding = 342,422,096
Market Cap = S$25.34M
P/E = NA (losses)
EV/EBIT = NA (losses)
P/NTA = 0.63
The results in this class of stocks depend a lot on corporate events which in some sense serve as a catalyst to close up the price-value gap, hopefully in a fairly short period of time. My investment decision is premised on the following:
The management has destroyed huge value over the years through the 2 loss-making subsidiaries. Many shareholders could have lost confidence in management's ability and decided to sell / cut losses.
The poorer fundamentals and financial results combined with the recent inclusion into the SGX watch-list due to 3 consecutive years of pre-tax losses led to a stock price decline that is likely exaggerated.
This has led to a fair degree of undervaluation which also means a potential investment opportunity to the shrewd analyst.
Directors have been mopping up the shares recently with their own money and to that extent, agreeing with my view that the stock price might be undervalued.
The disposal of subsidiaries which were the main contributors of past years' losses may improve future earnings at least in the short term and this may prop up the market price.
KEY RISKS / UNCERTAINTY
Management indicated that it will “continue with its plans to seek new areas of growth whether through mergers and acquisitions, or any structured transaction or business, which will add value to shareholders.”
Has management really learnt their lesson from previous experiences? Are they capable enough to continue ‘adding value’ through acquisitions? I feel it’s foolish for them to do that considering their core business isn’t doing as well as before too (more details below).
Also, we can’t deny that they are in a difficult semi-conductor industry which presents a challenge to the management (that is perhaps why they insist on growing through acquisitions etc) and a risk that the investor needs to be wary of.
SAFEGUARDS AND CHECKS – IN CASE THINGS DO NOT TURN OUT WELL
As I have said, the need for intensive analysis is not really required for the event-type part of my portfolio and I hope to realize some profits in a reasonably short period of time. However, as a safeguard, I had better ensure there’s some sort of margin of safety if I have to hold on to it for a longer than expected timeframe. Since this will be a minor position in my portfolio, a brief analysis should be sufficient.
The balance sheet is generally cash rich with net cash equivalents of about S$23.5M which compares favorably with the market cap at S$25.3M. Book value is about S$40M. If the company is liquidated now, I believe we can get back more than what we pay now. Of course, if management continues eroding value by doing unprofitable expansion, the intrinsic value on a liquidating basis may drop below our price paid.
I’ve cleaned up the effects of the loss-making subsidiaries in the above table and it is clear that these subsidiaries have indeed eroded earnings between 2011 and 2013, before management decide to discontinue operations in 2014. The core operations haven’t been doing well too considering that they also have registered some losses from 2012 to 2014. Core business revenue has declined drastically from S$70M to S$23M over 7 years. However, keep in mind that the bulk of the negative earnings is attributed to the subsidiaries (contribution by subsidiaries was -S$12.8M compared to +S$1.7M for core business from 2011 to 2013).