Koon Yew Yin, 82, is hardly known in the Singapore investment community but in Malaysia, where he lives, he is well-recognised as an investor and philanthropist. In his younger days, Mr Koon founded three Bursa Malaysia-listed construction firms: Gamuda, Mudajaya Group and IJM Corporation. Since retiring in 1983, he has been writing about public issues affecting Malaysia. He has also been investing heavily – and successfully – in Malaysian stocks.  This article was taken from the unofficial Facebook page of Mr Koon. 

"My ambition is to make more money to help the poor. I have given about 300 scholarships to help poor students to complete their tertiary education and I also have written in my will that all my remaining wealth will be for charity to help the poor and needy when I die."

-- Koon Yew Yin (photo),
who recently (Sept) pledged RM50 million to the Penang government for the construction of hostel accommodation for university students.

Many investment psychologists think that some of the following 7 traits or characteristic features cannot be learned once a person reaches adulthood.

By that time, your potential to be an outstanding investor has already been determined. It can be honed or improved, but not developed from scratch because it mostly has to do with the way your brain is wired and experiences you have had as a child.

That doesn’t mean financial education and investing experience are not important. Those are critical just to get into the game and keep playing. As a result, your income will be more than the average earnings of most people.

Let me first test your boldness to go against the crowd.

Trait 1: Be a contrarian investor. Develop the ability to buy stocks while others are panicking and sell stocks while others are euphoric. How many of you are willing to hold on to your share after it has gone up more than 100% within 12 months? How can you ignore people or friends who advise you to sell and take profit?

Let us look at the price charts of Latitude, Lii Hen and VS Industry.

• Latitude has gone up from Rm 1.00 to above Rm 6.40 within the last 24 months.

• Lii Hen has gone up from Rm 1.40 to above Rm 5.50 within the last 24 months.

• VS Industry has gone up from Rm 1.50 to above Rm 5.50 within the last 18 months.

As you can see these 3 stocks have been shooting up so rapidly. How can you not sell?

About 7 or 8 months ago, Jimmy Chee invited me to talk in Calgary Hall, KL where I recommended a buy of Latitude at Rm 3.50. Some of the attendees who bought and would thank me.

Almost all of you would have sold when the price went up 100% within one year. After you have sold and the price keep going up, will buy it back? This is a test of your true quality!

After I started buying Latitude, Lii Hen and VS, I only sold to meet margin call or to buy another counter which I expect to go up faster, bearing in mind that all shares do not move up or down at the same rate. But once the prices went up, I dare to increase my borrowing to buy more.

Substantial Shareholders: As a result, I have to declare as a substantial shareholder of all these 3 counters on Bursa Malaysia. Besides these, I also have some Poh Huat and Xingquan.

quote3.16.jpg"In 1983, I had a serious heart angina. At the time heart by-pass operations could only be done in Mayo Clinic or Harley Street London and the casualty rate was frighteningly high. Before my heart surgery in London, I passed all my assets to my wife and children.

"After my heart operation, I retired from being an executive director in Mudajaya / IJM Corporation Bhd and I started to learn how to make money from the stock market.

"In 1983-4 the Hong Kong stock market crashed because China wanted to take back H.K. Almost all the Hong Kong investors were afraid of the arrival of the Communists and they sold their holdings as quickly as possible.

"One of the most important investment lessons I learned was to be a contrarian investor, buy when everybody is afraid to buy and sell when everybody wants to buy." -- Koon Yew Yin, in a blog post

Out of more than 1,000 listed companies, I only own shares in 5 companies.

I started serious investing in public listed shares after I retired from active work in 1983 at the age 50 year. I am not an accountant by training. I was a civil engineer and I hardly knew how to read a balance sheet at that time.

I started by reading to understand the basic fundamentals of share selection as practiced by Warren Buffet, Peter Lynch and other great investment gurus. Of course I made some mistakes at the beginning, which in retrospect seem so silly. But I was prepared to learn from my own mistakes.

In 1983 when China wanted to take back Hong Kong, the people were selling as if there was no tomorrow. I bought with all the money I had and used margin financing to buy even more.

As soon as H.K. was given 50 years extension of the capitalist system, the market rebounded. How I took advantage of the situation is history.

Trait 2: Obsession in playing the game and wanting to win. These people don’t just enjoy investing; they live it. They wake up in the morning and the first thing they think about, while they are still half asleep, is a stock they have been researching, or one of the stocks they are thinking about selling, or what the greatest risk to their portfolio is and how they are going to neutralize that risk.

They are obsessed in the investing game.

Photo: malaysiafinance.blogspot.com
"In 1970 when the new economic policy was introduced, the GDP per capita of Singapore, Taiwan and South Korea were the same as ours. They became developed nations in spite of the fact that they do not have natural resources like what we have.

"We are still not a developed nation because of bad management and corruption of the BN (Barisan Nasional) government. I will continue to write to point out all the bad things of the government until voters can vote the BN government out of Putrajaya." - Koon Yew Yin.

See more at: www.themalaysianinsider.com

Trait 3: The willingness to learn from past mistakes. It is hard to acknowledge your own mistake. But you need to learn from your own mistake. Most people would much rather just move on and gross over the dumb things they have done in the past. I believe the term for this is repression.” But if you ignore mistakes without fully analyzing them, you will undoubtedly make a similar mistake later in your investing decision.

Trait 4: An inherent sense of risk based on common sense. Most people believe analysts’ reports which are invariably ‘a buy’ recommendation. They cannot recommend ‘a sell’ because they would lose the companies’ business. You must always take an analyst report with a pinch of salt.

I believe the greatest risk control is common sense which is not so common.

Trait 5: Confidence: Great investors must have confidence in their own convictions and stick with them, even when facing criticism. Buffett never got into the dot-com mania though he was criticized publicly for ignoring technology stocks. He stuck to his guns when everyone else was abandoning the value investing ship. He was proven right when the dot com bubble burst.

Trait 6: Clear thinking. If you can’t write clearly, it is my opinion that you don’t think very clearly. And if you don’t think clearly, you’re in trouble. There are a lot of people who have genius IQs who can’t think clearly, though they can figure out bond or option pricing in their heads.

Trait 7: And finally the most important and rarest trait of all: The ability to live through volatility without changing your investment thought process.
This is almost impossible for most people to do; when the chips are down they find it hard to sell their stocks at a loss. They find it difficult to average down or to put any money into stocks at all when the market is going down. People don’t like short term pain even if it would result in better long-term gain.

Very few investors can handle the volatility required for high portfolio returns. They equate short-term volatility with risk. This is irrational. Risk means that if you are wrong about a bet you make, you lose money. A swing up or down over a relatively short time period is not a loss and therefore not risk, unless you are prone to panicking at the bottom and locking in the loss. But most people just can’t see it that way. Their brains won’t let them. Their panic instinct steps in and shuts down the normal brain function.

To become a super investor, you must have the patience to master the above 7 traits.

How did I pick these 5 stocks?

Out of 1,000 listed companies, I do not buy GLC, Bank shares, Plantation shares, Property shares, and construction contracting shares. In view of our ringgit at 9 year low, I concentrate on companies that manufacture products for export.

Check from Bursa the quarterly result. As soon as you see any company reporting a sudden jump in profit, study its business more carefully to see its future profit growth prospect.

Golden Rule: Do not buy if you are not sure it can make more profit this year than last year because when the annual result shows reduced profit, the price will not go up.

Increase buying when you see the profit is improving from quarter to quarter.

Invest like a businessman: How does a businessman look at the business of the company?

He does not worry too much about the audited accounts because it is a recorded history of the company. He looks at the future profit growth prospect. The future may not be so clear and straight forward but he is willing to take some risk.

For example when a businessman buys a piece of land to develop houses, shopping mall or a hotel, he cannot be 100% sure that his project will be successful. But he is willing to take a chance.

When I buy Latitude, Lii Hen or VS shares, I consider myself as part owner of the companies. I can foresee their future profit growth prospect.

Charity to help the poor:

As I mentioned in my opening paragraph, your experiences when you have had as a child would help you become a super investor. As I came from a poor family, I know how hard it is to survive without enough money. My ambition is to make more money to help the poor. I have given about 300 scholarships to help poor students to complete their tertiary education and I also have written in my will that all my remaining wealth will be for charity to help the poor and needy when I die. I think my objective for wanting to make more money has helped me make better investment decisions.

I am obliged to tell you that I am not responsible for your profit or loss if you decide to buy those shares I recommended. You buy at your own risk.

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#4 kk ng 2016-07-20 21:51
#3 Tse Wei 2016-07-05 09:45
Thank you for the share.Penang boy currently living in Singapore here. I'm inspired by your wealth of knowledge and your perspective that covers the spectrum of business and politics.
#2 AG 2015-10-13 11:45
Refreshing words of wisdom from a veteran who has done it and made it. We have heard most of this elsewhere but these points are important reminders what we can improve to beat the odds.
+1 #1 Ela 2015-10-05 10:48
Thank you for sharing this inspiring story. I think wealthy people who originate from humble backgrounds are the only ones who care to really give back a lot of their wealth to society (especially to the underprivileged ).

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